In the autumn of 1066 William, Duke of Normandy, set sail with his troops with the intent to conquer England. The events leading up to and the battle itself are depicted in the UNESCO-listed Bayeux Tapestry.
In 1051, Edward the Confessor, King of England, was coming to the end of his life and chose to name William of Normandy as his successor. The king called upon Harold Godwinson, one of the most important noblemen in England, to travel to Normandy to inform William of the news.
In 1064, Harold made the trip to Normandy and became embroiled in a hostage situation, from which he was rescued by William. The Englishman was then invited by the William to join a campaign against the Duke of Brittany. During the campaign, Harold delivered King Edward's wish to William and then swore an oath to honour the king's wish after his death.